The other extreme, workerless inquilines.

  • Anergates Forel, 1874.


    01) Anergates atratulus (Schenck, 1852) (= Myrmica atratula Schenck, 1852)
    02) Anergates friedlandi Creighton, 1934


    Tetramorium Mayr, 1855
    (Only a few species in a big genus.)


    03) Tetramorium microgyna Santschi, 1918
    04) Tetramorium parasiticum Bolton, 1980


    Pheidole Westwood, 1839
    (Only a few species in a big genus.)


    05) Pheidole neokohli Wilson, 1984 (= Anergatides kohli Wasman, 1915)
    (not Pheidole kohli Mayr, 1901)
    06) Pheidole acutidens (Santschi, 1922) (= Bruchomyrma acutidens Santschi, 1922)
    07) Pheidole argentina (Bruch, 1932) (= Gallardomyrma argentina Bruch, 1932)
    08) Pheidole parasitica Wilson, 1984


    Nylanderia Emery, 1906
    (before 2010: Paratrechina Motschoulsky, 1863)
    (Only a few species in a big genus.)


    09) At least two undescribed species!


    Excluded from the extreme, workerless inquilines.
    Once this species was included in the extreme, workerless inquilines but now it is considered to be a workerless inquiline without extreme reductions, e.g. no pupoid males but normal ones. The decision to exclude it was made by Edward Osborne Wilson in 1984 in a study of the inquilines in the genus Pheidole.


    Pheidole Westwood, 1839
    (Only one species in a big genus.)


    10) Pheidole kusnezovi Wilson, 2003 (= Pheidole symbiotica (Kusnezov, 1952))
    (= Eriopheidole symbiotica Kusnezov, 1952)
    (not Pheidole symbiotica Wasmann, 1909)


    Distribution.


    01: Europe.
    02, 09: North America.
    03, 04: Southern Africa.
    05: Central Africa.
    06, 07, 10: South America.
    08: India.


    Host species.


    01, 02, 03, 04: Certain species of the genus Tetramorium Mayr, 1855.
    01) T. caespitum (Linnaeus, 1758)
    02) T. caespitum (Linnaeus, 1758)
    03) T. sericeiventre Emery, 1877 and T. sepositum Santschi, 1918
    04) T. avium Bolton, 1980


    05, 06, 07, 08, 10: Certain species of the genus Pheidole Westwood, 1839.
    05) P. megacephala (Fabricius, 1793) subsp. melancholica Santschi, 1912
    06) P. nitidula Emery, 1888
    07) P. nitidula Emery, 1888
    08) P. indica Mayr, 1879
    10) P. susannae Forel, 1886 (= P. obscurior Forel, 1886)


    09) Probably certain species in the genus Nylanderia Emery, 1906.


    Synonyms of host species.


    - T. caespitum (Linnaeus, 1758) (= Formica caespitum Linnaeus, 1758)
    - P. megacephala (Fabricius, 1793) (= Formica megecephala Fabricius, 1793)
    - P. megacephala (Fabricius, 1793) subsp. melancholica Santschi, 1912 was originally
    described as P. punctulata Mayr, 1866 st. melancholica Santschi, 1912


    Anergates friedlandi is now a synonym from A. atratulus, more precisely an introduced form in North Americe. So, the name is A. atratulus or, if you follow Ward et al. 2015 ("2014"), Tetramorium atratulum...

  • Wirte von A. atratulus (Wagner et al. 2017):


    T. caespitum (monogyny).
    T. impurum (monogyn).
    T. immigrans. Verschleppt N-und S-Amerika (Chile), nach Nordamerika inklusive Anergates.


    Anergates atratulus wurde drüber hinaus auch bei T. diomedeum in Süditalien gefunden.
    Es ist bemerkenswert, dass A. atratulus als Inquline somit ein recht weites Wirtsspektrum hat.


    (A. Buschinger.)

  • Anergates Forel, 1874.


    Anergates [junior synonym of Tetramorium]
    - Anergates Forel, 1874: 67 (see also p. 93). Type-species: Myrmica atratula, by monotypy.
    - Anergates junior synonym of Tetramorium: Ward et al., 2015 ("2014"): 76.


    A. atratulum (Schenck, 1852).


    atratulum. Myrmica atratula Schenck, 1852: 91 (q.m.) Germany.
    - [Also described as new by Schenck, 1853: 186.]
    - Wheeler, W.M. 1909g: 182 (l.).
    - Combination in Tetramorium: Mayr, 1855: 429.
    - Combination in Anergates: Forel, 1874: 68 (see also p. 93).
    - Combination in Tetramorium: Ward et al., 2015 ("2014"): 76.
    - Senior synonym of friedlandi: Creighton, 1950a: 243.
    - See also: Donisthorpe, 1915d: 89; Boven, 1977: 81; Wheeler, G.C. & Wheeler, J. 1955c: 128; Atanassov & Dlussky, 1992: 161.


    friedlandi. Anergates friedlandi Creighton, 1934: 193 (q.) U.S.A.
    - Junior synonym of atratulum: Creighton, 1950a: 243.


    A. friedlandi Creighton, 1934.


    friedlandi. Anergates friedlandi Creighton, 1934: 193 (q.) U.S.A.
    - Junior synonym of atratulus: Creighton, 1950a: 243.

  • Tetramorium Mayr, 1855.


    Tetramorium [Myrmicinae: Tetramoriini].
    - Tetramorium Mayr, 1855: 423. Type-species: Formica caespitum, by subsequent designation of Girard, 1879: 1016.


    Tetramorium microgyna Santschi, 1918b.


    microgyna. Tetramorium microgyna Santschi, 1918b: 132 (q., not w.) South Afrika.
    - See also: Arnold, 1926: 253; Santschi, 1928f: 207; Bolton, 1980: 329.


    Tetramorium parasiticum Bolton, 1980.


    parasiticum. Tetramorium parasiticum Bolton, 1980: 281, figs. 65, 66 (q.) South Africa.


    Pheidole Westwood, 1839.


    Pheidole [Myrmicinae: Pheidolini].
    - Pheidole Westwood, 1839: 219. Type-species: Atta providens, by monotypy.


    Anergatides [junior synonym of Pheidole].
    - Anergatides Wasmann, 1915b: 281. Type-species: Anergatides kohli (junior secondary homonym in Pheidole, replaced by Pheidole neokohli), by monotypy.
    - Anergatides junior synonym of Pheidole: Smith, D.R. 1979: 1366; Wilson, 1984: 328.


    Bruchomyrma [junior synonym of Pheidole].
    - Bruchomyrma Santschi, 1922d: 248. Type-species: Bruchomyrma acutidens, by monotypy.
    - Bruchomyrma junior synonym of Pheidole: Smith, D.R. 1979: 1366; Wilson, 1984: 327.
    - [Bruchomyrma listed as genus: Dlussky & Fedoseeva, 1988: 80 (anachronism)].
    - Bruchomyrma junior synonym of Pheidole: Bolton, 1994: 106; Wilson, 2003: 6.


    Gallardomyrma [junior synonym of Pheidole].
    - Gallardomyrma Bruch, 1932: 271. Type-species: Gallardomyrma argentina, by original designation.
    - Gallardomyrma junior synonym of Pheidole: Smith, D.R. 1979: 1366; Wilson, 1984: 327.
    - [Gallardomyrma listed as genus: Dlussky & Fedoseeva, 1988: 80 (anachronism)].
    - Gallardomyrma junior synonym of Pheidole: Bolton, 1994: 106; Wilson, 2003: 6.


    Eriopheidole [junior synonym of Pheidole].
    - Eriopheidole Kusnezov, 1952a: 10. Type-species: Eriopheidole symbiotica (junior secondary homonym in Pheidole, replaced by Pheidole kusnezovi), by monotypy.
    - Eriopheidole junior synonym of Pheidole: Smith, D.R. 1979: 1366; Bolton, 1994: 106.


    Pheidole neokohli Wilson, 1984 (= Anergatides kohli Wasman, 1915)
    (not Pheidole kohli Mayr, 1901).


    kohli. Anergatides kohli Wasmann, 1915b: 283, pls. 7, 8 (q.m.) Democratic Republic Of Congo.
    [Junior secondary homonym of kohli Mayr, 1901b; 11 (footnote).] Replacement name: Pheidole neokohli Wilson, 1984: 328. Wheeler, G.C. & Wheeler, J. 1955c: 130 (l.).


    neokohli. Pheidole neokohli Wilson, 1984: 328. Replacement name for Anergatides kohli Wasmann, 1915b: 283. [Junior secondary homonym of Pheidole kohli Mayr, 1901b: 11 (footnote).]


    Pheidole acutidens (Santschi, 1922) (= Bruchomyrma acutidens Santschi, 1922).


    acutidens. Bruchomyrma acutidens Santschi, 1922d: 249, figs. A-D (q.) Argentina. Bruch, 1931: 31 (m.). Combination in Pheidole: Wilson, 1984: 327. See also: Wheeler, W.M. 1937c: 52; Wilson, 2003: 260.


    Pheidole argentina (Bruch, 1932) (= Gallardomyrma argentina Bruch, 1932).


    argentina. Gallardomyrma argentina Bruch, 1932: 273, figs. 1-8 (q.) Argentina. Combination in Pheidole: Wilson, 1984: 327. See also: Wilson, 2003: 267.


    Pheidole parasitica Wilson, 1984.


    parasitica. Pheidole parasitica Wilson, 1984: 321, fig. 3 (q.) India.


    Pheidole kusnezovi Wilson, 2003 (= Pheidole symbiotica (Kusnezov, 1952))
    (= Eriopheidole symbiotica Kusnezov, 1952)
    (not Pheidole symbiotica Wasmann, 1909).


    symbiotica. Eriopheidole symbiotica Kusnezov, 1952a: 16, figs. 1-9 (q.m.) Argentina.
    [Junior secondary homonym of Pheidole symbiotica Wasmann, 1909: 693 (footnoye).] Combination in Pheidole: Wilson, 1984: 328. Replacement name: Pheidole kusnezovi Wilson, 2003: 311.


    kusnezovi. Pheidole kusnezovi Wilson, 2003: 311. Replacement name for Eriopheidole symbiotica Kusnezov, 1952a: 16. [Junior secondary homonym of Pheidole symbiotica Wasmann, 1909: 693 (footnote).]


    Nylanderia Emery, 1906.
    (before 2010: Paratrechina Motschoulsky, 1863).


    Nylandrria [Formicinae: Plagiolepidini].
    - Nylanderia Emery, 1906b: 133 [as subgenus of Prenolepis]. Type-species: Formica vividula, by original designation.
    - Nylanderia subgenus of Paratrechina: Emery, 1925b: 217; Creighton, 1950a: 405; Smith, D.R. 1979: 1443.
    - Nylanderia raised to genus: Wheeler, W.M. 1936b: 210; Kempf, 1972a: 166.
    - Nylanderia junior synonym of Paratrechina: Trager, 1984b: 51.
    - Nylanderia revived from synonymy, status as genus: LaPolla, Brady & Shattuck, 2010a: 126.
    - Nylanderia senior synonym of Andragnathus: LaPolla, Brady & Shattuck, 2010a: 126.


    Andragnathus [junior synonym of Nylanderia].
    - Andragnathus Emery, 1922d: 111. Type-species: Andragnathus hubrechti, by monotypy.
    - Andragnathus junior synonym of Paratrechina: Agosti & Bolton, 1990a: 75.
    - Andragnathus junior synonym of Nylanderia: LaPolla, Brady & Shattuck, 2010a: 126.


    Paratrechina [Formicinae: Plagiolepidini].
    - Paratrechina Motschoulsky, 1863: 13. Type-species: Paratrechina currens (junior synonym of Formica longicornis), by subsequent designation of Wheeler, W.M. 1911f: 170.
    - Paratrechina junior synonym of Prenolepis: Dalla Torre, 1893: 177; Wheeler, W.M. 1922a: 940.
    - Paratrechina revived from synonymy: Emery, 1925b: 216.

  • Maybe, just like Teleutomyrmex, we should consider A. atratulus Schenck, 1852 not a member of Tetramorium, so T. atratulum (Schenck, 1852), but a member of Strongylognathus, so S. atratulus (Schenck, 1852).


    But then you also have S. microgyna (Santschi, 1918) and S. parasiticum (Bolton, 1980)!

  • First: Yes, we keep Teleutomyrmex Kutter, 1950 and Anergates Forel, 1874.

    All species in these little genera with the names Teleutomyrmex Kutter, 1950 and Anergates Forel, 1874 and, of course, the big genus Tetramorium Mayr, 1855.

    Second: No, we don’t keep Teleutomyrmex Kutter, 1950 and Anergates Forel, 1874 but yes, we keep Tetramorium Mayr, 1855.

    But: Only a few species in the genus Tetramorium Mayr, 1855 following Ward et al., 2015 (“2014”)…

    Tetramorium inquilinum Ward, Brady, Fisher & Schultz, 2015
    = Tetramorium schneideri (Kutter, 1950)
    Tetramorium kutteri (Tinaut, 1990), still needs a new name
    Tetramorium seiferti (Kiran & Karaman, in Kiran, et al. 2017)
    Tetramorium buschingeri (Lapeva-Gjonova, in Kiran, et al. 2017)
    Tetramorium atratulus (Schenck, 1852)
    = Tetramorium friedlandi (Creighton, 1934)
    Tetramorium microgyna Santschi, 1918
    Tetramorium parasiticum Bolton, 1980

    Third: No, we don’t keep Teleutomyrmex Kutter, 1950, Anergates Forel, 1874 and Tetramorium Mayr, 1855.

    Or: …, if you follow the line further then Ward et al., 2015 (“2014”), a few species in the genus Strongylognathus Mayr, 1853.

    Strongylognathus inquilinum (Ward, Brady, Fisher & Schultz, 2015)
    = Strongylognathus schneideri (Kutter, 1950)
    Strongylognathus kutteri (Tinaut, 1990), still needs a new name
    Strongylognathus seiferti (Kiran & Karaman, in Kiran, et al. 2017)
    Strongylognathus buschingeri (Lapeva-Gjonova, in Kiran, et al. 2017)
    Strongylognathus atratulus (Schenck, 1852)
    = Strongylognathus friedlandi (Creighton, 1934)
    Strongylognathus microgyna (Santschi, 1918)
    Strongylognathus parasiticum (Bolton, 1980)

    The original descriptions.

    Tetramorium Mayr, 1855.

    Tetramorium [Myrmicinae: Tetramoriini].
    - Tetramorium Mayr, 1855: 423. Type-species: Formica caespitum, by subsequent designation of Girard, 1879: 1016.

    Strongylognathus Mayr, 1853e.

    Strongylognathus [Myrmicinae: Tetramoriini].
    - Strongylognathus Mayr, 1853e: 389. Type-species: Eciton testaceum, by monotypy. Replacement name for Myrmus Schenck, 1853b: 188. [Junior homonym of Myrmus Hahn, 1832: 81 (Hemiptera).].

    Myrmus [junior homonym, see Strongylognathus].
    - Myrmus Schenck, 1853b: 188. Type-species: Myrmus emarginatus (junior synonym of Eciton testaceum), by monotypy. [Junior homonym of Myrmus Hahn, 1832: 81 (Hemiptera).].
    - Strongylognathus Mayr, 1853e: 389, replacement name for Myrmus Schenck.

    Myrmus Schenck, 1853b.

    Myrmus [junior homonym, see Strongylognathus].
    - Myrmus Schenck, 1853b: 188. Type-species: Myrmus emarginatus (junior synonym of Eciton testaceum), by monotypy. [Junior homonym of Myrmus Hahn, 1832: 81 (Hemiptera).].
    - Strongylognathus Mayr, 1853e: 389, replacement name for Myrmus Schenck.

    The original references.

    Girard, M., 1879, “Traité élémentaire d'entomologie. Volume 2.” Paris, Librairie J.-B. Baillière et Fils, 1028 pp.

    Hahn, C. W., 1832, “Die Wanzenartigen Insecten. Getreu nach der Natur abgebildet und beschrieben. Band I, Heft 3.” Nürnberg, Zeh, p. 81-118.

    Mayr, G., 1853e, “Ueber die Abtheilung der Myrmiciden, und eine neue Gattung derselben.” Verhandlungen der Zoologisch-Botanischen Vereins in Wien, vol. 3, p. 387-394.

    Mayr, G., 1855, “Formicina austriaca. Beschreibung der bisher im österreichischen Kaiserstaate aufgefundenen Ameisen, nebst Hinzufügung jener in Deutschland, in der Schweiz und in Italien vorkommenden Arten.” Verhandlungen der Zoologisch-Botanischen Vereins in Wien, vol. 5, p. 273-478.

    Schenck, C. F., 1853b, “Die nassauischen Ameisen-Species. (Fortsetzung.).” Stettiner Entomologische Zeitung, vol. 14, p. 185-198.

  • A complete, systematic literature list of Anergates Forel, 1874.

    Atanassov, N., Dlussky, G. M., 1992, “Fauna of Bulgaria. Hymenoptera, Formicidae.” [In Bulgarian.]. Fauna na Bûlgariya, vol. 22, p. 1-310.

    Creighton, W. S., 1934, “Descriptions of three new North American ants with certain ecological observations on previously described forms.” Psyche (Cambridge.), vol. 41, p. 185-200.

    Creighton, W. S., 1950a, “The ants of North America.” Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoölogy at Harvard College, vol. 104, p. 1-585.

    Csősz, S., Radchenko, A., Schulz, A., 2007, “Taxonomic revision of the Palaearctic Tetramorium chefketi species complex (Hymenoptera: Formicidae).” Zootaxa, vol. 1405, p. 1-38.

    Csősz, S., Schulz, A., 2010, “A taxonomic review of the Palaearctic Tetramorium ferox species-complex (Hymenoptera, Formicidae).” Zootaxa, vol. 2401, p. 1-29.

    Donisthorpe, H., 1915f, “British ants, their life-history and classification.” Plymouth, Brendon & Son Ltd., xv + 379 pp.

    Forel, A., 1874, “Les fourmis de la Suisse. Systématique, notices anatomiques et physiologiques, architecture, distribution géographique, nouvelles expériences et observations de moeurs.” Neue Denkschriften der Allgemeinen Schweizerischen Gesellschaft für die Gesammten Naturwissenschaften, vol. 26, p. 1-452.

    Girard, M., 1879, “Traité élémentaire d'entomologie. Volume 2.” Paris, Librairie J.-B. Baillière et Fils, 1028 pp.

    Hahn, C. W., 1832, “Die Wanzenartigen Insecten. Getreu nach der Natur abgebildet und beschrieben. Band I, Heft 3.” Nürnberg, Zeh, p. 81-118.

    Mayr, G., 1853e, “Ueber die Abtheilung der Myrmiciden, und eine neue Gattung derselben.” Verhandlungen der Zoologisch-Botanischen Vereins in Wien, vol. 3, p. 387-394.

    Mayr, G., 1855, “Formicina austriaca. Beschreibung der bisher im österreichischen Kaiserstaate aufgefundenen Ameisen, nebst Hinzufügung jener in Deutschland, in der Schweiz und in Italien vorkommenden Arten.” Verhandlungen der Zoologisch-Botanischen Vereins in Wien, vol. 5, p. 273-478.

    Mayr, G., 1861, “Die europäischen Formiciden. Nach der analytischen Methode bearbeitet.” Wien, C. Gerold’s Sohn, 80 pp.

    Mayr, G., 1863, “Formicidarum index synonymicus.” Verhandlungen der Kaiserlich-Königlichen Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien, vol. 13, p. 385-460.

    Schenck, C. F., 1852. “Beschreibung nassauischer Ameisenarten.” Jahrbuch des Vereins für Naturkunde im Herzogthum Nassau, Wiesbaden, vol. 8, p. 1-149.

    Schenck, C. F., 1853a, “Die nassauischen Ameisen-Species.” Stettiner Entomologische Zeitung, vol. 14, p. 157-163.

    Schenck, C. F., 1853b, “Die nassauischen Ameisen-Species. (Fortsetzung.).” Stettiner Entomologische Zeitung, vol. 14, p. 185-198.

    van Boven, J. K. A., 1977, “De mierenfauna van België (Hymenoptera: Formicidae).” Acta Zoologica et Pathologica Antverpiensia, vol. 67, p. 1-191.

    Wagner, H. C., Arthofer, W., Seifert, B., Muster, C., Steiner, F. M., Schlick-Steiner, B. C., 2017, “Light at the end of the tunnel: Integrative taxonomy delimits cryptic species in the Tetramorium caespitum complex (Hymenoptera: Formicidae).” Myrmecological News, vol. 25, p. 95–129.

    Ward, P. S., Brady, S. G., Fisher, B. L., Schultz, T. R., 2015 (“2014”), “The evolution of myrmicine ants: Phylogeny and biogeography of a hyperdiverse ant clade (Hymenoptera: Formicidae).” Systematic Entomology, vol. 40, no. 1, p. 61-81. (Article first published online: 23 July 2014).

    Wheeler, G. C., Wheeler, J., 1955c, “The ant larvae of the myrmicine tribe Solenopsidini.” American Midland Naturalist, vol. 54, p. 119-141.

    Wheeler, W. M., 1909g, “Observations on some European ants.” Journal of the New York Entomological Society, vol. 17, p. 172-187.

    21 references.

  • And a few references missed in the literature lists of Teleutomyrmex Kutter, 1950 and Anergates Forel, 1874.

    Agosti, D., Majer, J. D., Alonso, L. E., Schultz, T. R. (Editors.), 2000, “Ants: Standard Methods for Measuring and Monitoring Biodiversity.” Washington, Smithsonian Institution Press, xix + 280 pp.

    Agosti, D., Majer, J. D., Alonso, L. E., Schultz, T. R. (Editors.), 2000, “Sampling ground-dwelling ants: case studies from the world's rain forests.” Perth, Australia, Curtin University School of Environmental Biology (Bulletin No. 18), xii + 75 pp.

    Boer, P., 2010, “Mieren van de Benelux.” ′s-Graveland, Netherlands, Stichting Jeugdbondsuitgeverij, 184 pp.

    Boer, P., 2015, “Mieren van de Benelux. Tweede - herziene druk.” ′s-Graveland, Netherlands, Stichting Jeugdbondsuitgeverij, 184 pp.

    Bourke, A. F. G., Franks, N. R., 1995, “Social Evolution in Ants.” Princeton, Princeton University Press, xiii + 529 pp.

    Buschinger, A., 1985, “Staatenbildung der Insekten.” Erträge der Forschung, Band 223. Darmstadt, Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft, X + 211 pp.

    Donisthorpe, H., 1927, “British ants, their life history and classification (2nd edn.).” London, G. Routledge and Sons, xvi + 436 pp.

    Donisthorpe, H., 1927, “The guests of British ants, their habits and life-histories.” London, G. Routledge and Sons, xxii + 244 pp.

    Forel, A., 1915, “Fauna insectorum helvetiae. Hymenoptera. Formicidae. Die Ameisen der Schweiz.” Mitteilungen der Schweizerischen Entomologischen Gesellschaft, vol. 12 (Beilage), p. 1-77.

    Forel, A,. 1920, “Les fourmis de la Suisse. Notices anatomiques et physiologiques, architecture, distribution géographique, nouvelles expériences et observations de moeurs. Seconde édition revue et corrigée.” La Chaux-de-Fonds, Imprimerie Coopérative, xvi + 333 pp.
    - Without the section “Systématique”, so without descriptions et al.

    Gösswald, K., 1989, “Die Waldameise, Band 1: Biologische Grundlagen, Ökologie und Verhalten.” Wiesbaden, AULA-Verlag, xi + 660 pp.

    Gösswald, K., 1990, “Die Waldameise, Band 2: Die Waldameise im Ökosystem Wald, ihr Nutzen und ihre Hege.” Wiesbaden, AULA-Verlag, x + 510 pp.

    Gould, W., 1747, “An Account Of English Ants.” London, A. Millar, xvi + 112 pp.

    Hermann, H. R. (Editor.), 1979, “Social Insects, Vol. 1.” New York, Academic Press, xv + 437 pp.

    Hermann, H. R. (Editor.), 1981, “Social Insects, Vol. 2.” New York, Academic Press, xiii + 491 pp.

    Hermann, H. R. (Editor.), 1982, “Social Insects, Vol. 3.” New York, Academic Press, xiii + 459 pp.

    Hermann, H. R. (Editor.), 1982, “Social Insects, Vol. 4.” New York, Academic Press, 385 pp.

    Hermann, H. R. (Editor.), 1984, “Defensive Mechanisms in Social Insects.” New York, Praeger Publishers, xii + 259 pp.

    Hölldobler, B., Wilson, E. O., 2008, “The Superorganism. The Beauty, Elegance, and Strangeness of Insect Societies.” New York, W. W. Norton & Company, xxi + 522 pp.

    Hölldobler, B., Wilson, E. O., 2011, “The Leafcutter Ants. Civilisation by Instinct.” New York, W. W. Norton & Company, 160 pp.

    Kutter, H., 1920, “”Gehe hin zur Ameise!” Anleitung zur selbständigen Ameisenforschung.” Naturwissenschaftliche Beobachtungsbücher, Band 1-2. Bern und Leipzig, Ernst Bircher Verlag, viii + 165 pp.

    Passera, L., 1984, “L'Organisation Sociale des Fourmis.” Toulouse, Editions Privat, 360 pp.

    Schmitz, H., 1906, “Das Leben der Ameisen und ihrer Gäste.” Regensburg, G. J. Manz, 190 pp.

    Schmitz, H., 1915, “De Nederlandsche mieren en haar gasten.” Maastricht, C. Goffin, iv + 146 pp.

    Stitz, H., 1939, “Die Tierwelt Deutschlands und der angrenzenden Meersteile nach ihren Merkmalen und nach ihrer Lebensweise. 37. Theil. Hautflüger oder Hymenoptera. I: Ameisen oder Formicidae.” Jena, G. Fischer, 428 pp.

    Wheeler, W. M., 1910, “Ants: Their Structure, Development and Behavior.” New York, Columbia University Press, xxv + 663 pp.

    Wheeler, W. M., 1923, “Social life among the insects.” New York, Harcourt, Brace and Co., vii + 375 pp.

    Wheeler, W. M., 1926, “The natural history of ants. From an unpublished manuscript in the archives of the Academy of Sciences of Paris by René Antoine Ferchault de Réaumur. Translated and annotated by William Morton Wheeler.” New York, A. Knopf, 280 pp.

    Wheeler, W. M., 1928, “The social insects: their origin and evolution.” New York, Harcourt, Brace and Co., xviii + 378 pp.

    Wilson, E. O., 1990, “Excellence in Ecology, Vol. 2: Success and Dominance in Ecosystems: The Case of the Social Insects.” Oldendorf/Luhe, Ecology Institute, xxi + 104 pp.

    30 references.

  • And a few more references missed in the literature lists of Teleutomyrmex Kutter, 1950 and Anergates Forel, 1874.

    Bolton, B., Collingwood, C. A., 1975, “Handbooks for the identification of British Insects. Hymenoptera, Formicidae.” Handbooks for the Identification of British Insects, vol. 6, no. 3(c), p. 1-34.

    Emery, C., 1910, “Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Dorylinae.” Genera Insectorum, vol. 102, p. 1-34.

    Emery, C., 1911, “Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Ponerinae.” Genera Insectorum, vol. 118, p. 1-125.

    Emery, C., 1913 ("1912"), “Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Dolichoderinae.” Genera Insectorum, vol. 137, p. 1-50.

    Emery, C., 1921, “Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Myrmicinae. [part].” Genera Insectorum, vol. 174A, p. 1-94 (+ 7 plates.).

    Emery, C., 1922, “Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Myrmicinae. [part].” Genera Insectorum, vol. 174B, p. 95-206.

    Emery, C., 1924 ("1922"), “Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Myrmicinae. [concl.].” Genera Insectorum, vol. 174C, p. 207-397.

    Emery, C., 1925, “Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Formicinae.” Genera Insectorum, vol. 183, p. 1-302.

    Forel, A., 1921, “Le monde social des fourmis comparé à celui de l'homme. Tome 1. Genèse, formes, anatomie, classification. géographie, fossiles.” Genève, Librairie Kundig, xiv + 192 pp.

    Forel, A., 1921, “Le monde social des fourmis comparé à celui de l'homme. Tome 2. Sensations, physiologie, fourmis et plantes, hôtes, parasites, nids.” Genève, Librairie Kundig, iii + 184 pp.

    Forel, A., 1922, “Le monde social des fourmis comparé à celui de l'homme. Tome 3. Appareils d'observation. Fondation des foumilières. Moeurs à l'intérieur des nids. Bétail, jardins, fourmis parasites. (Avec appendice du Dr. E. Bugnion.).” Genève, Librairie Kundig, vii + 227 pp.

    Forel, A., 1923, “Le monde social des fourmis comparé à celui de l'homme. Tome 4. Alliances et guerres, parabiose, lestobiose, esclavagisme.” Genève, Librairie Kundig, vii + 172 pp.

    Forel, A., 1923, “Le monde social des fourmis comparé à celui de l'homme. Tome 5. Moeurs specialisées. Epilogue, les fourmis. Les termites et l'homme.” Genève, Librairie Kundig, vi + 174 pp.

    Forel, A., 1948, “Die Welt der Ameisen. (Ausgewählt und übersetzt von Heinrich Kutter.).” Zürich, Rotapfel, 275 pp.

    Gotwald, W. H., Jr., 1995, “Army ants: the biology of social predation.” Ithaca, New York, Cornell University Press, xviii + 302 pp.

    Kronauer, D. J. C., 2020, “Army Ants: Nature’s Ultimate Social Hunters.” Cambridge, Mass., Harvard University Press, 384 pp.

    Lach, L., Parr, C. L., Abbott, K. (Editors.), 2009, “Ant ecology.” Oxford, Oxford University Press, xvii + 410 pp.

    Schneirla, T. C., 1971, “Army ants. A study in social organization. (Edited by H. R. Topoff.).” San Francisco, W. H. Freeman & Co., xx + 349 pp.

    Vander Meer, R. K., Jaffe, K., Cedeno, A. (Editors.), 1990, “Applied myrmecology: a world perspective.” Boulder, Westview Press, xv + 741 pp.

    Weber, N. A., 1972, “Gardening ants, the attines.” Philadelphia, American Philosophical Society, xvii + 146 pp.

    Williams, D. F. (Editor.), 1994, “Exotic ants. Biology, impact, and control of introduced species.” Boulder, Westview Press, xvii + 332 pp.

    21 references.

    There are a lot more references missed in the literature lists but I think I have now included most of the more important ones in the lists from Teleutomyrmex, Anergates and the two lists missed in the literature lists.

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